The Bible as Foundation to Education: Ellen G. White’s Philosophy
The Bible as Foundation to Education: Ellen G. White’s Philosophy
A helpful selection from Ellen G. White’s many published works about the significance of the Bible as the foundation for each discipline of education.
Seventh-day Adventist Church leaders are just now spending two days intensively discussing the current state of Adventist education on all levels around the globe. In that process, many are referencing the thought and writings of Ellen G. White (1827-1915). Seventh-day Adventists believe that Ellen G. White exercised the biblical gift of prophecy during more than 70 years of public ministry.
Following is a helpful selection from Ellen G. White’s many published works about the significance of the Bible as the foundation for life, and specifically, for each discipline of educational endeavor. This material was originally assembled for an article by E. Edward Zinke first appearing in the Journal of the Adventist Theological Society in Spring 2004.
A key to the abbreviated published references of Ellen G. White is offered at the close of this collection—Editors
General Statements about the Authority of the Bible
“The Bible is God’s voice speaking to us just as surely as though we could hear Him with our ears. The word of the living God is not merely written, but spoken. Do we receive the Bible as the oracle of God? If we realized the importance of this Word, with what awe would we open it, and with what earnestness would we search its precepts. The reading and contemplating of the Scriptures would be regarded as an audience with the Most High” (HP 134).
“All human teaching should be subordinate to the oracles of God” (GC 204)
“He [Christ] pointed to the Scriptures as of unquestionable authority, and we should do the same. The Bible is to be presented as the word of the infinite God, as the end of all controversy and the foundation of all faith” (COL 39, 40).
“Leave the impression upon the mind that the Bible, and the Bible alone, is our rule of faith, and that the sayings and doings of men are not to be a criterion for our doctrines or actions” (CS 84).
“The Bible, and the Bible alone, is to be our creed, and sole bond of union; all who bow to this Holy Word will be in harmony. Our own views and ideas must not control our efforts. Man is fallible, but God’s Word is infallible” (1 SM 416).
Guide to Salvation
“In His word, God has committed to men the knowledge necessary for salvation. The Holy Scriptures are to be accepted as an authoritative, infallible revelation of His will. They are the standard of character, the revealer of doc- trines, and the test of experience” (GC, vii).
“Let the Bible decide every question that is essential to man’s salvation” (MM 91).
“The Bible is an unerring guide” (4T 312).
Scriptures a Safeguard
“‘To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.’ Isaiah 8:20. The people of God are directed to the Scriptures as their safeguard against the influence of false teachers and the delusive power of spirits of darkness. . . . The last great delusion is soon to open before us. Antichrist is to perform his marvelous works in our sight. So closely will the counterfeit resemble the true that it will be impossible to distinguish between them except by the Holy Scriptures. By their testimony every statement and every miracle must be tested . . . None but those who have fortified the mind with the truths of the Bible will stand through the last great conflict” (GC 593, 594).
“Only those who have been diligent students of the Scriptures and who have received the love of the truth will be shielded from the powerful delusion that takes the world captive. By the Bible testimony these will detect the deceiver in his disguise. To all the testing time will come. By the sifting of temptation the genuine Christian will be revealed. Are the people of God now so firmly established upon His word that they would not yield to the evidence of their senses? Would they, in such a crisis, cling to the Bible and the Bible only?” (GC 625).
“Jesus met Satan with the words, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God’ (Matt. 4:4). In every temptation the weapon of His warfare was the Word of God. Satan demanded of Christ a miracle as a sign of His divinity. But that which is greater than all miracles, a firm reliance upon a ‘Thus saith the Lord’ was a sign that could not be controverted. So long as Christ held to this position, the tempter could gain no advantage.
“A familiarity with the Word of God is our only hope. Those who diligently search the Scriptures will not accept Satan’s delusions as the truth of God” (GC 625).
Basis of faith
“Parents need to reform; ministers need to reform; they need God in their households. If they would see a different state of things, they must bring His word into their families and must make it their counselor. They must teach their children that it is the voice of God addressed to them, and is to be implicitly obeyed. They should patiently instruct their children, kindly and untiringly teach them how to live in order to please God. The children of such a household are prepared to meet the sophistries of infidelity. They have accepted the Bible as the basis of their faith, and they have a foundation that cannot be swept away by the incoming tide of skepticism” (PP 143).
“I am fully in harmony with you in your work when you present the Bible, and the Bible alone, as the foundation of our faith” (2SM 85).
“But faith is in no sense allied to presumption. Only he who has true faith is secure against presumption. For presumption is Satan’s counterfeit of faith. Faith claims God’s promises, and brings forth fruit in obedience. Presumption also claims the promises, but uses them as Satan did, to excuse transgression. Faith would have led our first parents to trust the love of God, and to obey His commands. Presumption led them to transgress His law, believing that His great love would save them from the consequence of their sin. It is not faith that claims the favor of Heaven without complying with the conditions on which mercy is to be granted. Genuine faith has its foundation in the promises and pro- visions of the Scriptures” (DA 126).
“This book is the voice of God speaking to us. The Bible opens to us the words of life; for it makes us acquainted with Christ who is our life. In order to have true, abiding faith in Christ, we must know Him as He is represented in the word” (FE 433).
Basis of Morality
“The Bible should be read every day. It is the correct standard of right and wrong and of moral principle” (SI, March 20, 1884, 177).
“It is, in all its precepts and requirements, as pure as the character of God and as elevated as His throne” (3T 314).
Test of Inspiration
“True Christianity receives the word of God as the great treasure house of inspired truth and the test of all inspiration” (GC 193).
Test for the Operation of the Holy Spirit
“The Spirit was not given—nor can it ever be bestowed—to supersede the Bible; for the Scriptures explicitly state that the word of God is the standard by which all teaching and experience must be tested” (GC vii).
“Even the work of the Holy Spirit upon the heart is to be tested by the Word of God. The Spirit which inspired the Scriptures, always leads to the Scriptures” (1SM 43).
Guide to Life
“The Christian evidence that we need, is found not in the experience of men, but in our Bibles. The Word of God is the man of our counsel; for it brings us down from age to age, bearing its testimony to the unchangeableness of the truth. . . . Give the Word its honored position as a guide in the home. Let it be regarded as the Counselor in every difficulty, the standard of every practice. . . . We have a Guidebook, the Word of God, and we are inexcusable if we miss the way to heaven, for plain directions have been given us. . . . The Bible presents a perfect standard of character; it is an infallible guide under all circumstances, even to the end of the journey of life” (ML 25).
“The Bible is an unerring guide” (4T 312).
“All who do not earnestly search the Scriptures and submit every desireand purpose of life to that unerring test, all who do not seek God in prayer for a knowledge of His will, will surely wander from the right path and fall under the deception of Satan” (ST 192).
“The Bible presents a perfect standard of character. This sacred book, inspired by God, and written by holy men, is a perfect guide under all circumstances of life” (FE 100).
Rule of Conscience
“This led him [John Huss] to adopt for his own guidance, and to preach to others for theirs, the maxim that the precepts of Scripture, conveyed through the understanding, are a rule of the conscience; In other words, that God speaking in the Bible, and not the church speaking through the priesthood, is the one infallible guide” (GC 102).
Standard of Character
“The Bible is God’s will expressed to man. It is the only perfect standard of character, and marks out the duty of man in every circumstance of life” (4T 312).
Only Basis of Happiness
“He who is following the divine guidance has found the only true source of saving grace and real happiness, and has gained the power of imparting happiness to all around him. No man can really enjoy life without religion” (CT 53).
“Through the study of the Scriptures we obtain a correct knowledge of how to live so as to enjoy the greatest amount of unalloyed happiness” (3T 314).
Basis of Knowledge and Truth
“In the prevailing systems of education, human philosophy had taken the place of divine revelation. Instead of the heaven-given standard of truth, men had accepted a standard of their own devising” (Ed 74).
“‘Sanctify them through Thy truth: Thy Word is truth.’ The word of God should be made the great educating power. How shall students know the truth, except by a close, earnest, persevering study of the word? Here is the grand stimulus, the hidden force which quickens the mental and physical powers, and directs the life into right channels. Here in the word is wisdom, poetry, history, biography, and the most profound philosophy. Here is a study that quickens the mind into a vigorous and healthy life, and awakens it to the highest exercise. It is impossible to study the Bible with a humble, teachable spirit, without developing and strengthening the intellect. Those who become best acquainted with the wisdom and purpose of God as revealed in His word, become men and women of mental strength; and they may become efficient workers with the great Educator, Jesus Christ. . . . Christ has given His people the words of truth, and all are called to act a part in making them known to the world. . . . There is no sanctification aside from the truth—the word. Then how essential that it should be understood by every one!” (FE 432).
“As professed teachers from God come to us declaring that they have a message from God, it is proper to inquire carefully, “How do we know that this is truth?” Jesus has told us that ‘false prophets shall arise and shall deceive many.’ But we need not be deceived; for the Word of God gives us a test whereby we may know what is truth. The prophet says, ‘To the law and to the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them’” (E.G. White Comments, 7BC 952).
“We have a Bible full of the most precious truth. It contains the alpha and the omega of knowledge” (GW 308).
“Men of the greatest intellects, if not guided by the word of God in their r e- search, become bewildered; they cannot comprehend the Creator or His works. But set the mind to grasp and measure eternal truth, summon it to effort by delving for the jewels of truth in the rich mine of the word of God, and it will never become dwarfed and enfeebled, as when left to dwell upon commonplace subjects” (FE 84).
“The Bible is our textbook” (CSW 56).“The Bible must be made the foundation for all study” (FE 451).
“Without the Bible we should have been left to conjectures and fables in regard to the occurrences of past ages. Of all the books that have flooded the world, be they ever so valuable, the Bible is the Book of books, and is most de- serving of the closest study and attention. It gives not only the history of the creation of this world, but a description of the world to come. It contains instruction concerning the wonders of the universe, and it reveals to our under- standing the Author of the heavens and the earth. It unfolds a simple and complete system of theology and philosophy” (FE 129).
“We must stand barricaded by the truths of the Bible. The canopy of truth is the only canopy under which we can stand safely” (MM 88).
“Cold, philosophical speculations and scientific research in which God isnot acknowledged are a positive injury. And the evil is aggravated when, as is often the case, books placed in the hands of the young, accepted as authority and depended upon in their education, are from authors avowedly infidel. Through all the thoughts presented by these men their poisonous sentiments are inter- woven. The study of such books is like handling black coals; a student cannot be undefiled in mind who thinks along the line of skepticism” (CT 423, 424).
Basis of Education
“In our training-schools the Bible is to be made the basis of all education” (FE 490).
“The Bible should not be brought into our schools to be sandwiched in between infidelity. The Bible must be made the groundwork and subject matter of education. . . . It should be used as the word of the living God, and esteemed as first, and last, and best in everything. Then will be seen true spiritual growth” (FE 474).
“Bible study is especially needed in the schools. Students should be rooted and grounded in divine truth, Their attention should be called, not to the assertions of men, but to the word of God. Above all other books, the word of God must be our study, the great textbook, the basis of all education; and our children are to be educated in the truths found therein, irrespective of previous habits and customs” (6T 131, 132).
Authority over the Senses
“Are the people of God now so firmly established upon His word that they would not yield to the evidence of their senses? Would they, in such a crisis, cling to the Bible and the Bible only?” (GC 625).
Basis of Knowledge of God and Christ
“Searching the Scriptures alone will bring the knowledge of the true God and Jesus Christ whom He hath sent” (FE 415).
“The ancient philosophers prided themselves on their superior knowledge. Let us read the inspired apostle’s understanding of the matter. ‘Professing them- selves to be wise,’ he says, ‘they became fools, and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things. . . . Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator’ (Rom. 1:22–25). In its human wisdom the world cannot know God. Its wise men gather an imperfect knowledge of God from His created works, and then in their foolishness they exalt nature and the laws of nature above nature’s God. Those who have not a knowledge of God through an acceptance of the revelation He has made of Himself in Christ, will obtain only an imperfect knowledge of Him in nature; and this knowledge, so far from giving elevated conceptions of God, and bringing the whole being into conformity to His will, will make men idolaters. Professing themselves to be wise, they will become fools” (1SM 295).
Foundation for the Study of Science
“Apart from Christ, science is misleading and philosophy is foolishness” (MM 91).
“This is the treasure that is found in the Scriptures. The Bible is God’sgreat lesson book, His great educator. The foundation of all true science is contained in the Bible. Every branch of knowledge may be found by searching the word of God. And above all else it contains the science of all sciences, the science of salvation. The Bible is the mine of the unsearchable riches of Christ” (COL 101).
“The ancient philosophers prided themselves on their superior knowledge. Let us read the inspired apostle’s understanding of the matter. ‘Professing them- selves to be wise,’ he says, ‘they became fools, and changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things. . . . Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator’ (Rom. 1:22–25). In its human wisdom the world cannot know God. Its wise men gather an imperfect knowledge of God from His created works, and then in their foolishness they exalt nature and the laws of nature above nature’s God. Those who have not a knowledge of God through an acceptance of the revelation He has made of Himself in Christ, will obtain only an imperfect knowledge of Him in nature; and this knowledge, so far from giving elevated conceptions of God, and bringing the whole being into conformity to His will, will make men idolaters. Professing themselves to be wise, they will become fools. . . . Those who think they can obtain a knowledge of God aside from His Representative, whom the Word declares is ‘the express image of his person’ (Heb. 1:3), will need to be- come fools in their own estimation before they can be wise. It is impossible to gain a perfect knowledge of God from nature alone; for nature itself is imperfect. In its imperfection it cannot represent God, it cannot reveal the character of God in its moral perfection. But Christ came as a personal Savior to the world. He represented a personal Go” (1SM 295).
“Since God is the source of all true knowledge, it is, as we have seen, the first object of education to direct our minds to His own revelation of Himself. Adam and Eve received knowledge through direct communion with God; and they learned of Him through His works. All created things, in their original perfection, were an expression of the thought of God. To Adam and Eve nature was teeming with divine wisdom. But by transgression man was cut off from learning of God through direct communion and, to a great degree, through His works. The earth, marred and defiled by sin, reflects but dimly the Creator’s glory. It is true that His object lessons are not obliterated. Upon every page of the great volume of His created works may still be traced His handwriting. Nature still speaks of her Creator. Yet these revelations are partial and imperfect. And in our fallen state, with weakened powers and restricted vision, we are incapable of interpreting aright. We need the fuller revelation of Himself that God has given
in His written word. . . . The Holy Scriptures are the perfect standard of truth, and as such should be given the highest place in education” (Ed 16, 17).
“It is the entrance of God’s word that ‘giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.’ Psalm 119:130. His word is given for our instruction; there is nothing in it that is defective or misleading. The Bible is not to be tested by men’s ideas of science, but science is to be brought to the test of the unerring standard. . . . Yet the study of the sciences is not to be neglected, Books must be used for this purpose; but they should be in harmony with the Bible, for that is the standard” (CT 425, 426).
“The opinions of great men, the theories of science, falsely so-called, are blended with the truths of Holy Writ” (FE 182).
“The deepest students of science are constrained to recognize in nature the working of infinite power. But to man’s unaided reason, nature’s teaching can- not but be contradictory and disappointing. Only in the light of revelation can it be read aright. ‘Through faith we understand.’ Hebrews 11:3.
“‘In the beginning God.’ Genesis 1:1. Here alone can the mind in its eager questioning, fleeing as the dove to the ark, find rest. Above, beneath, beyond, abides Infinite Love, working out all things to accomplish ‘the good pleasure of His goodness.’ 2 Thessalonians 1:11.
“‘The invisible things of Him since the creation of the world are … perceived through the things that are made, even His everlasting power and divinity.’ Romans 1:20, R.V. But their testimony can be understood only through the aid of the divine Teacher. ‘What man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? Even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.’ 1 Corinthians 2:11.
“‘When He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you into all truth.’ John 16:13. Only by the aid of that Spirit who in the beginning ‘was brooding upon the face of the waters;’ of that Word by whom ‘all things were made;’ of that ‘true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world,’ can the testimony of science be rightly interpreted. Only by their guidance can its deepest truths be discerned.
“Only under the direction of the Omniscient One shall we, in the study of His works, be enabled to think His thoughts after Him” (Ed 134).
“Apart from Christ we are still incapable of interpreting rightly the language of nature. The most difficult and humiliating lesson that man has to learn is his own inefficiency in depending upon human wisdom, and the sure failure of his efforts to read nature correctly. Of himself he cannot interpret nature without placing it above God. . . .
“God has permitted a flood of light to be poured upon the world in the discoveries of science and art; but when professedly scientific men reason upon these subjects from a merely human point of view, they are sure to err. The greatest minds, if not guided by the word of God, become bewildered in their attempts to investigate the relations of science and revelation. The Creator and His works are beyond their comprehension; and because these cannot be explained by natural laws, Bible history is pronounced unreliable.
“Those who question the reliability of the Scripture records have let gotheir anchor and are left to beat about upon the rocks of infidelity. When they find themselves incapable of measuring the Creator and His works by their own imperfect knowledge of science, they question the existence of God and attribute infinite power to nature.
“In true science there can be nothing contrary to the teaching of the word of God, for both have the same Author. A correct understanding of both will al- ways prove them to be in harmony. Truth, whether in nature or in revelation, is harmonious with itself in all its manifestations. But the mind not enlightened by God’s Spirit will ever be in darkness in regard to His power. This is why human ideas in regard to science so often contradict the teaching of God’s word” (8T 251, 258).
“In losing the garments of holiness, they lost the light that had illuminated nature. No longer could they read it aright. They could not discern the character of God in His works. So today man cannot of himself read aright the teaching of nature. Unless guided by divine wisdom, he exalts nature and the laws of nature above nature’s God. This is why mere human ideas in regard to science so often contradict the teaching of God’s word. But for those who receive the light of the life of Christ, nature is again illuminated. In the light shining from the cross, we can rightly interpret nature’s teaching.
“He who has a knowledge of God and His word through personal experience has a settled faith in the divinity of the Holy Scriptures. He has proved that God’s word is truth, and he knows that truth can never contradict itself. He does not test the Bible by men’s ideas of science; he brings these ideas to the test of the unerring standard. He knows that in true science there can be nothing contrary to the teaching of the word; since both have the same Author, a correct understanding of both will prove them to be in harmony. Whatever in so-called scientific teaching contradicts the testimony of God’s word is mere human guesswork” (MH 462).
“God has permitted a flood of light to be poured upon the world in both science and art; but when professedly scientific men treat upon these subjects from a merely human point of view, they will assuredly come to wrong conclusions. It may be innocent to speculate beyond what God’s word has revealed, if our theories do not contradict facts found in the Scriptures; but those who leave the word of God, and seek to account for His created works upon scientific principles, are drifting without chart or compass upon an unknown ocean. The greatest minds, if not guided by the word of God in their research, become bewildered in their attempts to trace the relations of science and revelation. Because the Creator and His works are so far beyond their comprehension that they are unable to explain them by natural laws, they regard Bible history as unreliable. Those who doubt the reliability of the records of the Old and New Testaments, will be led to go a step further, and doubt the existence of God; and then, having lost their anchor, they are left to beat about upon the rocks of infidelity” (PP 113).
“When man is reconciled to God, nature speaks to him in words of heavenly wisdom, bearing testimony to the eternal truth of God’s Word. As Christ tells us the meaning of the things in nature, the science of true religion flashes forth, explaining the relation of the law of God to the natural and spiritual world” (E. G. White Comments, 3 BC 1144).
“He who has a knowledge of God and His Word has a settled faith in the divinity of the Holy Scriptures. He does not test the Bible by man’s ideas of science. He brings these ideas to the test of the unerring standard. He knows that God’s word is truth, and truth can never contradict itself; whatever in the teaching of so-called science contradicts the truth of God’s revelation is mere human guesswork.
“To the really wise, scientific research opens vast fields of thought and information” (8T 325).
“Science and nature are exalted. Men consider themselves wiser than the Word of God, wiser even than God; and instead of planting their feet on the un- movable foundation, and bringing everything to the test of God’s word, they test that word by their own ideas of science and nature. And if it seems not to agree with their scientific ideas, it is discarded as unworthy of credence. Thus the great standard by which to test doctrines and character is set aside for human standards” (ST, March 27, 1844, 194).
“But apart from Bible history, geology can prove nothing” (PP 112).
Basis of an Understanding of History
“The Bible is the most ancient and the most comprehensive history that men possess. It came fresh from the fountain of eternal truth, and throughout the ages a divine hand has preserved its purity. It lights up the far-distant past, where human research in vain seeks to penetrate. In God’s word only do we behold the power that laid the foundations of the earth and that stretched out the heavens.
Here only do we find an authentic account of the origin of nations. Here only is given a history of our race unsullied by human pride or prejudice,
“In the annals of human history the growth of nations, the rise and fall of empires, appear as dependent on the will and prowess of man. The shaping of events seems, to a great degree, to be determined by his power, ambition, or caprice. But in the word of God the curtain is drawn aside, and we behold, be- hind, above, and through all the play and counterplay of human interests and power and passions, the agencies of the all-merciful One, silently, patiently working out the counsel of His own will” (Ed 173).
“The Bible, and the Bible only, gives a correct view of these things. Here
are revealed the great final scenes in the history of our world, events that already are casting their shadows before, the sound of their approach causing the earth to tremble and men’s hearts to fail them for fear” (Ed 180).
“The Bible is the most instructive history that men possess. It came fresh from the fountain of eternal truth, and a divine hand has preserved its purity through all the ages. It lights up the far-distant past, where human research seeks vainly to penetrate. In God’s word we behold the power that laid the foundation of the earth and that stretched out the heavens. Here only can we find a history of our race unsullied by human prejudice or human pride. Here are recorded the struggles, the defeats, and the victories of the greatest men this world has ever known. Here the great problems of duty and destiny are unfolded. The curtain that separates the visible from the invisible world is lifted, and we behold the conflict of the opposing forces of good and evil, from the first entrance of sin to the final triumph of righteousness and truth; and all is but a revelation of the character of God” (PP 596).
Key to Philosophy
“The Christian believer possesses the key to true philosophy” (ST, Jan. 28, 1897, 4).
“Apart from Christ, science is misleading and philosophy is foolishness” (IMM 97).
“All the philosophies of human nature have led to confusion and shame when God has not been recognized as all in all” (8T 322).
“Christian knowledge bears its own stamp of unmeasured superiority in all that concerns the preparation for the future, immortal life. It distinguishes the Bible reader and believer, who has been receiving the precious treasures of truth, from the skeptic and the believer in pagan philosophy.
“Cleave to the word, ‘It is written.’ Cast out of the mind the dangerous, obtrusive theories which, if entertained, will hold the mind in bondage so that the man shall not become a new creature in Christ” (MM 89).
Basis of Principles of True Psychology
“The true principles of psychology are found in the Holy Scriptures” (ML 176).
General Warnings about Placing Other Authorities Above the Bible
“The Word of the Lord is not to be judged by a human standard” (5T 301).
“Men consider themselves wiser than the Word of God, wiser even than God; and instead of planting their feet on the immovable foundation, and bringing everything to the test of God’s word, they test that word by their own ideas of science and nature, and if it seems not to agree with their scientific ideas, it is discarded as unworthy of credence” (ST, March 27, 1844, 1).
“Many attempt to judge of the Creator and His works by their own imperfect knowledge of science. They endeavor to determine the nature and attributes and prerogatives of God, and indulge in speculative theories concerning the In- finite One” (MH 427).
“Man’s inventions are not only unreliable, they are dangerous; for they place man where God should be. They place the sayings of men where a ‘Thus saith the Lord’ should be” (COL 110).
Men “set up their judgment as superior to the work; and the Scripture which they do teach rests upon their own authority. Its divine authenticity is destroyed” (COL 39).
Basis of the Great Controversy
The theme of the Great Controversy is the authority of the Bible. With each reformer Ellen White reiterates that the Bible and the Bible alone was the basis of authority. One example will be given:
“Fearlessly did Luther defend the gospel from the attacks which came from every quarter. The word of God proved itself a weapon mighty in every conflict. With that word he warred against the usurped authority of the pope, and the rationalistic philosophy of the schoolmen, while he stood firm as a rock against the fanaticism that sought to ally itself with the reformation. Each of these op- posing elements was in its own way setting aside the Holy Scriptures and exalting human wisdom as the source of religious truth and knowledge. Rationalism
idolizes reason and makes this the criterion for religion. Romanism, claiming for her sovereign pontiff an inspiration descended in unbroken line from the apostles, and unchangeable through all time, gives ample opportunity for every species of extravagance and corruption to be concealed under the sanctity of the apostolic commission. The inspiration claimed by Munzer and his associates proceeded from no higher source than the vagaries of the imagination, and its influence was subversive of all authority, human or divine. True Christianity receives the word of God as the great treasure house of inspired truth and the test of inspiration” (GC 193).
Key to Abbreviations of E. G. White Books and Major Church Papers
Source: Ellen G. White Estate
Abbr.Book or Periodical Title
1888 Ellen G. White 1888 Materials, The
AA Acts of the Apostles, The
AG God’s Amazing Grace
AH Adventist Home, The
ApM An Appeal to Mothers
AUCR [Australasian] Union Conference Record
AY Appeal to Youth
1BCBible Commentary, The SDA , Vol. 1 (2BC for Vol. 2, etc.)
BE Bible Echo
1BioBiography of E. G. White, Vol. 1 (2Bio for Vol. 2, etc.)
BLJTo Be Like Jesus
BTS Bible Training School
CC Conflict and Courage
CCh Counsels for the Church
CD Counsels on Diet and Foods
CE Christian Education
CET Christian Experience and Teaching
CEv Colporteur Evangelist
CG Child Guidance
CH Counsels on Health
ChL Christian Leadership
ChS Christian Service
CL Country Living
CM Colporteur Ministry
COL Christ’s Object Lessons
COS Christ Our Saviour
CS Counsels on Stewardship
CSW Counsels on Sabbath School Work
CT Counsels to Parents, Teachers, and Students
CTBH Christian Temperance (EGW) and Bible Hygiene (James White)
CTr Christ Triumphant
CW Counsels to Writers and Editors
DA Desire of Ages, The
DF Document File
DG Daughters of God
EW Early Writings
FE Fundamentals of Christian Education
FLB Faith I Live By, The
FH From the Heart
FW Faith and Works
GC Great Controversy, The
GC88 Great Controversy, The (1888 Edition)
GCB General Conference Bulletin
GCDB General Conference Daily Bulletin
GdH Good Health
GH Gospel Herald
GW Gospel Workers
GW92 Gospel Workers (1892 edition)
HL Healthful Living
HP In Heavenly Places
HPMMW Health, Philanthropic, and Medical Missionary Work
HR Health Reformer
HS Historical Sketches of the Foreign Missions of the Seventh-day Adventists
LDE Last Day Events
LHU Lift Him Up
LL Lion on the Loose
LP Sketches From the Life of Paul
LS Life Sketches of Ellen G. White
LS88 Life Sketches of James and Ellen White (1888 edition)
Lt Letter, E. G. White
LYL Letters to Young Lovers
Mar Maranatha, the Lord is Coming
MB Thoughts From the Mount of Blessing
1MCP Mind, Character and Personality, Vol. 1 (2MCP for Vol. 2)
MH Ministry of Healing, The
ML My Life Today
MM Medical Ministry
1MR Manuscript Releases, Vol. 1 (2MR for Vol. 2, etc.)
Ms Manuscript, E. G. White
MYP Messages to Young People
NL New Life, A
1NL Notebook Leaflets, Vol. 1 (2NL for Vol. 2)
PaM Pastoral Ministry
OFC Our Father Cares
OHC Our High Calling
PHJ Pacific Health Journal
PM Publishing Ministry, The
PP Patriarchs and Prophets
PK Prophets and Kings
PUR Pacific Union Recorder
RC Reflecting Christ
RH Review and Herald
RR Radiant Religion
RY Retirement Years, The
SA Solemn Appeal, A
1SATSermons and Talks, Vol. 1 (2SAT for Vol. 2)
SC Steps to Christ
SD Sons and Daughters of God
SF Southern Field Echo
1SGSpiritual Gifts, Vols. 1 (3SG for Vols. 3, etc.)
SJ Steps to Jesus (adapted from SC) or Story of Jesus (on CD-ROM)
SL Sanctified Life, The
1SMSelected Messages, Book One (2SM for Book 2, etc.)
SOJ Story of Jesus, The
1SPSpirit of Prophecy, The, Vol. 1 (2SP for Vol. 2, etc.)
SpT”A” Special Testimonies, Series A (Nos. 1-12)
SpT”B” Special Testimonies, Series B (Nos. 1-19)
SpTBCC Special Testimonies to the Battle Creek Church
SpTEd Special Testimonies on Education
SpTMMW Special Testimonies Relating to Medical Missionary Work
SpTMWI Special Testimonies to Managers and Workers in Institutions
SpTPH Special Testimonies to Physicians and Helpers
SR Story of Redemption, The
ST Signs of the Times
SW Southern Work, The
SW Southern Watchman (if with date)
1TTestimonies for the Church Vol. 1 (2T for Vol. 2, etc.)
TA Truth About Angels, The
TDG This Day With God
TM Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers
TMK That I May Know Him
TSA Testimonies to Southern Africa
TSB Testimonies on Sexual Behaviour, Adultery, and Divorce
TSDF Testimony Studies on Diet and Foods
TSS Selections From the Testimonies Bearing on Sabbath School Work (1900)
1TTTestimony Treasures, Vol. 1 (2TT for Vol. 2, etc.)
UL Upward Look, The
UndMs Undated EGW Manuscript
VSS Voice in Speech and Song, The
WM Welfare Ministry
YI Youth’s Instructor, The
YRP Ye Shall Receive Power, A
WLF Word to the “Little Flock,” A